40,000 Years of Oil

Today, oil and gas is utterly crucial to our society. Many of us enjoy a lifestyle that the generations before us could barely dream of. We’ve spent a long time getting this far, and hydrocarbon exploration and usage has a long history. Here is a summary timeline history of oil usage and exploration, from 40,000 years ago until today

The Geology of Beer

The enjoyment of a glass of beer may be received by many senses: the sight may be attracted first by the clarity of a pale ale or the rich creamy head of a stout. As the glass is raised to the lips the aroma of the beverage, possibly the bouquet of the essential oils of the hops, may excite the nostrils. Then, as the liquid flows over the taste buds at the back of the mouth, and further volatile products diffuse into the back of the nose, the flavour of the beverage is perceived. Finally, the beer enters the body, where the alcohol is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream and exerts its well-known physiological and psychological effects.

GEOLOGY OF WINE

Geology can be important for the growers of grapes for wines; it can be ignored by the consumer. Most of the arguments for the importance of ‘terroir’, which includes geology, have been along the lines: ‘‘this wine has one flavour that wine has another flavour, yet they are made from the same grape variety’’. The difference must be something in the ground, i.e., it depends on the geology.